Low FODMAP Diet: Best solution for Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a condition that is characterized by gut symptoms including abdominal pain, intestinal gas/wind, bloating, and changed bowel habit (ranging from diarrhea to constipation). Symptoms can often be debilitating and lead to a reduced quality of life.

(FODMAP=Fermentable Oligo-Di-Monosaccharides and Polyols)

FODMAPs are carbohydrates (sugars) that are found in foods. Not all carbohydrates
are considered FODMAPs.
 

Common High FODMAP Foods

Fruits:
  • Apples
  • Apricots
  • Cherries
  • Mango
  • Pears
  • Nectarines
  • Peaches
  • Pears
  • Plums and prunes
  • Watermelon
  • High concentration of fructose from canned fruit, dried fruit or fruit juice
 

Grains
Level of FODMAPs is increased when these foods are eaten in large amounts:
  • Rye
  • Wheat
Lactose-Containing Foods
  • Custard
  • Ice cream
  • Margarine
  • Milk (cow, goat, sheep)
  • Soft cheese, including cottage cheese and ricotta
  • Yogurt
Legumes
  • Baked beans
  • Chickpeas
  • Lentils
  • Kidney beans
Sweeteners
  • Fructose
  • High fructose corn syrup
  • Isomalt
  • Maltitol
  • Mannitol
  • Sorbitol
  • Xylitol
Vegetables
  • Artichokes
  • Asparagus
  • Avocado
  • Beets
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels sprouts
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Corn
  • Garlic (with large consumption)
  • Fennel
  • Leeks
  • Mushrooms
  • Okra
  • Onions
  • Peas
  • Radicchio lettuce
  • Scallions (white parts)
  • Shallots
  • Sugar snap peas
  • Snow peas

Common Low FODMAP Foods

 
Fruits
  • Banana
  • Blueberry
  • Grapes
  • Honeydew melon
  • Kiwi
  • Lemon
  • Lime
  • Mandarine oranges
  • Orange
  • Raspberry
  • Strawberry
Sweeteners
  • Artificial sweeteners that do not end in -ol
  • Glucose
  • Maple syrup
  • Sugar (sucrose)
Lactose Alternatives
  • Butter
  • Hard cheese, brie and camembert
  • Lactose-free products, such as lactose-free ice cream and yogurt
  • Gelato
  • Rice milk
  • Arugula
  • Bok choy
  • Carrots
  • Celery
  • Eggplant
  • Green beans
  • Lettuce
  • Parsnip
  • Scallions (green parts only)
  • Sweet potato
  • Tomato
Grains
  • Oats
  • Gluten-free products
  • Spelt products
 
The FODMAPs in the diet are:
  •  Fructose (fruits, honey, high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), etc)
  •  Lactose (dairy)
  •  Fructans (wheat, onion, garlic, etc)(fructans are also known as inulin)
  •  Galactans (beans, lentils, legumes such as soy, etc)
  •  Polyols (sweeteners containing sorbitol, mannitol, xylitol, maltitol, stone fruits such as avocado, apricots, cherries, nectarines, peaches, plums, etc)

FODMAPs are osmotic (means they pull water into the intestinal tract), may not be 
digested or absorbed well and could be fermented upon by bacteria in the intestinal 
tract when eaten in excess. 

Symptoms of gas, bloating, cramping and/or diarrhea may occur in those who could be 
sensitive to the effects of FODMAPs. A low FODMAP diet may help reduce symptoms, 
which will limit foods high in fructose, lactose, fructans, galactans and polyols. 

Tips for a low FODMAP diet:
Follow the diet for 6 weeks. After this, add high FODMAP foods one at a time back into the diet in small amounts to identify foods that could be “triggers” to your symptoms. Limit foods that trigger your symptoms.
Read food labels. Avoid foods made with high FODMAPs such as high FODMAP fruits, HFCS, honey, inulin, wheat, soy, etc. However, a food could be an overall low FODMAP food if a high FODMAP food listed as the last ingredient.
Buy gluten free grains as they are wheat free. However, you do not need to follow a 100% gluten free diet as the focus is on FODMAPs, not gluten. Look for gluten free grains made with low FODMAPs, such as potato, quinoa, rice or corn.
Avoid gluten free grains made with high FODMAPs.
Limit serving sizes for low FODMAP fruits/vegetables and high fiber/low
FODMAP foods such as quinoa to a ½ cup per meal (½ cup=size of a tennis ball) if you have symptoms after eating these foods. The symptoms could be related to eating large amounts of low FODMAPs or fiber all at once.
 
Low FODMAP Meals and Snack Ideas
1. gluten free waffle with walnuts, blueberries, maple syrup without HFCS
2. eggs scrambled with spinach, bell peppers and cheddar cheese
3. oatmeal topped with sliced banana, almonds and brown sugar
4. fruit smoothie blended with lactose free vanilla yogurt and strawberries
5. rice pasta with chicken, tomatoes, spinach topped with pesto sauce
6. chicken salad mixed with chicken, lettuce, bell peppers, cucumbers, tomatoes, balsamic vinegar salad dressing
7. turkey wrap with gluten free tortilla, sliced turkey, lettuce, tomato, slice of cheddar cheese slice, mayonnaise, mustard
8. ham and swiss cheese sandwich on gluten free bread, with mayonnaise, mustard
9. quesadilla with corn or gluten free tortilla and cheddar cheese
10. beef and vegetable stew (made with homemade broth, beef, allowed vegetables)

Food combinations bad for digestion

Five faulty food combinations – 

Animal protein and carbohydrates: Different enzymes are required to breakdown these very different foods. When eaten together, the foods do not get properly digested. That leads to indigestion, fermentation and putrefaction in the digestive tract.

Fruit with carbohydrates: Fruit digests much more quickly than any other food. Many people think that adding fruit to porridge is a healthy breakfast option. However, it will only hinder the digestive process. It’s better to always eat fruit on an empty stomach and ideally early in the morning.



Dairy with fruit: Smoothies are a breakfast favourite for many people. The problem is that yogurt is an animal protein and when mixed with fruit, it can cause inadequate digestion which leads to acidity, and fermentation in the GI tract.

 


Avoid drinking with meals: It’s best to avoid drinking large amounts of any fluid with meals, otherwise the digestive enzymes will become diluted and hinder the digestive process. It’s best to stop drinking 30 minutes before food intake and wait two hours after eating before drinking water, to ensure adequate digestion.

 


Melon after dinner for a healthy dessert: Melon is the one fruit that must be eaten alone, or left alone, as it takes slightly longer than other fruits to digest.


Five useful food combinations – 

* Carbohydrates and vegetables such as brown rice and vegetables.

* Animal protein and non-starchy vegetables make for easy digestion, which will enhance one’s ability to breakdown the nutrients and eliminate efficiently. Prawns on a bed of green leaves with cucumber and fennel or grilled fish with lightly steamed green beans.

* Bowl of seasonal fruit salad first thing in the morning. This is a gentle way to wake up the system.

* Avocados combine well with either vegetables or fruits. This semi tropical fruit also works well in green smoothies and makes a great dairy replacement.

* Aim to ingest denser proteins, especially animal-based ones earlier in the day to ensure adequate digestion. 
 

Avoid Instant Noodles

1. Nutrient Absorption : Noodles inhibit the absorption of nutrients for the children under 5.

2. Cancer Causing : The ingredient in the instant noodles called “Styrofoam’, Which is a cancer causing agent.

3. Miscarriage : Women who are Eating instant noodles during their pregnancy causes miscarriage, because it affect the development of a fetus.

4. Junk Food : instant noodles are enriched with full of carbohydrates, but no vitamins, fiber and minerals. This makes the instant noodles considered as a junk food.

5. Sodium : Instant noodles are power packed with high amounts of sodium. Excess consumption of sodium leads to heart disease, stroke, hypertension and kidney damage.

6. MSG : Monosodium Glutamate is used to enhance the flavour of instant noodles. People who are allergic to MSG consume it as part of their diet, then they end up suffering from headaches, facial flushing, pain, burning sensations.

7. Overweight : Eating Noodles is the leading cause of obesity. Noodles contains fat & large amounts of sodium, which causes water retention in the body and surely it leads to overweight.

8. Digestion : Instant noodles are bad for digestive system. Regular consumption of instant noodles causes irregular bowl movements and bloating.

9. Propylene Glycol : The ingredient in the instant noodles called “Propylene Glycol” which has a anti-freeze property. This ingredient is used because it prevents the noodles from drying by retaining moisture. It weakens the immune system of our body. It is easily absorbed by the body and it accumulates in the kidneys, heart and liver. It causes abnormalities and damage to those areas.

10. Metabolism : Regular consumption of instant noodles affect the body’s metabolism, because of the chemical substances like additives, coloring and preservatives inside the noodles.

Health benefits of eating Tomatoes

1- Helps to keep blood vessels healthy

2- Rich in lycopene to promote prostate health
3- Full of vitamin C to keep immune system strong
4- A good source of beta-carotene for healthy vision

5- Studies have shown tomatoes help prevent breast cancer.
6- Contains compounds to help lower cholesterol

7- Rich in potassium for heart health
8- Full of vitamin E to keep skin healthy and beautiful
9- The skin is full of carotenoids tomatoes to promote wellness
10- Rich in energizing B vitamins to help you stay active

Symptoms not to be ignored

1. Constant coughing. If you’ve recently had flu, a cough will linger for a few days or even a few weeks. But if you have a cough which has moved in lock, stock and barrel, it’s time to get to the doctor. It could be one of several things, from tuberculosis, a chest infection and lung cancer, to name but a few.

2. Rectal bleeding. If your stools are dark in colour and you become aware of the fact that you regularly bleed from the anus, make that appointment. It could be any of a number of things, from benign (bleeding piles) to serious (colon cancer), but don’t take any chances.

3. Blinding headaches. Everyone gets headaches from time to time, but if you start missing work regularly and live on painkillers, the time for action has come. It could be as simple as getting different glasses, changing your diet/lifestyle, or it could be more serious. Best to get to the truth as soon as possible.

4. Vision problems. Everyone’s vision deteriorates somewhat with age, but if your vision becomes blurry overnight, or changes in any other noticeable way, see an optician and a neurologist. It may be something insignificant, but it may also be serious.

5. Fever. If your temperature fluctuates between high and normal for no discernable reason, find out what’s wrong. If you run a fever for more than 3 days, visit your doctor.

6. Ongoing diarrhoea. Whether the result of food poisoning or a virus, diarrhoea is dangerous. And the longer it continues, the more dangerous it becomes, as it dehydrates you. If you regularly get diarrhoea, or if it carries on for more than two or three days, see the doctor. If your baby has diarrhoea, don’t waste a day before you see your doctor/nurse.

7. Chest pains. This could be as innocent as heartburn, but it could also signal that your heart is in trouble. If chest discomfort is accompanied by pains in your left arm, don’t bother with the GP – get straight to the hospital’s emergency room. You could be having a heart attack.

8. Night sweats. Sweating at night is not normal – it is often a symptom of tuberculosis, Aids or Hodgkin’s disease, which is a lymphatic cancer. Do something about it.

9. Genital sores. These are usually a symptom of a sexually transmitted disease. They should not be ignored, as this disease can be passed on to others, regardless of what it might be doing to you.

10. Menstrual problems or paralysis. A menstrual period that lasts more than ten days, or doesn’t arrive at all, should not be ignored. Non-arrival could mean you’re pregnant, or have fibroids or cysts on your ovaries. A period that overstays its welcome could mean many different things – point is, you should get to gynaecologist.

11. New moles. Most people have moles somewhere on their bodies. If a mole changes its colour, shape or size, it could be turning nasty. Watch out for new moles. It will not go away by itself and if left untreated, can ultimately become life-threatening.

12. Sudden muscle weakness. If you suddenly find you have difficulty standing, walking, balancing or that muscles that were fine the day before have become weak and useless, get it checked out. It could be, among other things, Parkinson’s disease or you may even have had a mild stroke. And yes, young people can have strokes too.

13. Breathing difficulties. Sudden onset of breathing difficulties could signify many things – from asthma, to an allergic reaction, to name but two. It should be remembered that untreated asthma can kill. Breathing problems can quickly become life-threatening. Don’t ignore it.

14. Constant urination. Everyone urinates a few times per day, but when you start getting up three or four times during the night to go to the toilet, something is wrong. It could be prostate problems or the onset of Type 2 diabetes or a bladder infection.

15. Bumps and lumps. Whether we’re talking swollen glands or lumps under the skin, these should never be ignored. Better be safe than sorry. It may be something benign like a mild infection or a pimple or boil, but then again, it may not. Do something about it.

16. Chronic exhaustion. Between working nine-to-five and keeping the family going, most people are tired, and not surprisingly. But when you suddenly feel as if getting out of bed in the morning is a major undertaking, something could be wrong. It may be depression, or the exhaustion could be a symptom of other ailments.

17. Loss of interest in life. If you or family members suspect you may be depressed, why suffer unnecessarily? We are no longer in the fourteenth century and depression can be treated. Most people who commit suicide suffer from depression. Up those serotonin levels before you get to these levels of desperation.

High Cholesterol: A Serious Health Risk

You may wonder whether something like cholesterol which is so common can really be a serious health risk. The truth is: Absolutely. Your body makes cholesterol, and you also get it when you eat eggs, meats, and dairy products. When you have more than your body needs, cholesterol can cause plaque to build up in your arteries. This thick, hard plaque can clog your arteries like a blocked pipe. Reduced blood flow can lead to a stroke or heart attack.

How High Cholesterol Causes Heart Attack:

If there is a clog in a coronary artery, your heart gets too little blood and oxygen. Without enough oxygen, your heart becomes weak and damaged. If the plaque breaks open, a blood clot may form on top of the buildup, further blocking blood flow. Or, a blood clot can break off and flow to an artery in another part of the body. If a clot completely blocks an artery feeding your heart, you have a heart attack.

How High Cholesterol Causes Stroke:

Plaque buildup can also keep your brain from getting enough blood and oxygen. If a clot completely blocks an artery feeding your brain, you have a stroke.

A Problem Without Symptoms

Despite the risks, about 1 in 3 Americans have not had their cholesterol tested in the past 5 years. That’s how often the American Heart Association recommends screening.

Sperling says high cholesterol may not worry you enough because:

It doesn’t cause symptoms. So you don’t know you have it unless you get a blood cholesterol test.

It doesn’t cause pain. So you may be less likely to seek treatment or keep taking your cholesterol-lowering medicine.

“It’s not like taking a painkiller for an aching knee, where you know it’s working,” he says.

Plus, the risks from high cholesterol aren’t immediate. The damage accumulates over years — even decades. High cholesterol in your 20s and 30s can take its toll in your 50s and 60s. Because the effects take time, you may not feel the urgency to treat it. You may think you can deal with it later – but you may wait too long.

“Having high cholesterol may not hurt you today or tomorrow,” Sperling says. “But if you don’t do something about it, it can have a terrible cost down the road.”

Protect Yourself

You can outsmart high cholesterol. Eat a healthy diet, exercise, and take medicine as your doctor recommends to lower your levels.

The first step: Ask your doctor if it’s time for you to have a fasting cholesterol blood test. If they’re high, ask your doctor what numbers are ideal for you based on your personal health and risk factors. Also ask how often you need the test.

Most people should have:

LDL, “bad” cholesterol, less than 100 mg/dL.  If you already have heart disease, you may need to aim for under 70 mg/dL.

HDL, “good” cholesterol, 60 mg/dL or higher

Triglycerides, another type of risky fat in your bloodstream, less than 150 mg/dL

Whatever you do, don’t ignore your high cholesterol risks.